The monumental estate, the former psychiatric-judicial hospital, is located in the historic centre of Reggio Emilia. The first structures were built in the 17th century, while new ones were constructed at the beginning of the 1900s, but the property has to be redeveloped. Due to its location, it will be redeveloped into tourist accommodation or into apartments.
The architectural site was first used as a correctional prison and then as a psychiatric-judicial hospital since the 1800s. Currently it’s not being used, and it’s restricted under Legislative Decree 42/2004 for its remarkable historic and architectural value. It has a vast courtyard, surrounded by tall perimeter walls, which mostly hides the site. The historic-architectural restriction permits restoration and renovation based on its expected urban use. The main buildings have a maximum of three floors and a partial floor underground and an attic. The walls are of solid brick with lime mortar, with brick vaults, lofts with primary and secondary wooden roof frames and lofts with hollow-core concrete, with wooden roof frame coverings. The four more recent pavilions have two floors above ground and one below ground, with perimeter walls made of solid bricks with lime mortar, internal structures like brick pillars and vaults overhead, with reinforced arches in the basement and wooden roof frame coverings. The residential building, known as the “director’s former lodgings”, has a stocky L-shaped layout, with three floors above ground, an attic and a basement.
The property is located on Via Franchi, in the historic centre of Reggio Emilia (pop. 171.345), head town of the province with the same name (pop. 532.872), in the Emilia Romagna region, inside the limited traffic zone which is inside the ancient walls. It’s located on the western side of the city, between Timavo, Via dei Servi and Via del Portone. The area is easily accessible by car, because of the vicinity of the bypass, and by foot, it’s well connected by public transport and there are many public car parks. The area has many average height buildings, mostly residential, with the commercial activities linked to them. The “Reggio Emilia” toll-booth on the A-1 motorway is about 5 km from the site. The FS station is 2,8 km away and it guarantees connections with Parma, Milan, Bologna, Ancona and Lecce, while the “Reggio Emilia AV Mediopadana” high velocity station is 6 km away and it guarantees connections to Milan and Rome in, respectively, 46 minutes and in 2 hours. Bologna is 72 km away, Modena 28 km away, Piacenza is 96 km and Milan 155 km.