Urban regeneration project of the former City Slaughterhouse, located on the eastern outskirts of Varese, in the Belforte district. The wide-ranging intervention will be carried out in an area of over 3 hectares owned by the Municipality and currently in a state of abandonment, via a project financing instrument; the project envisages the construction of 90 social housing units (for fixed rent or subsidised sale), with functions of housing support and of collective (sports and cultural) and commercial interest, linked to the neighbourhood, with large public green spaces.
The project provides for the redevelopment of a series of buildings of historical-architectural value, located in the urban context of Belforte, a peripheral neighbourhood of Varese, within the former City Slaughterhouse, owned by the municipality. The urban regeneration project provides for the creation of a new residential complex with communal services related to social housing contexts and commercial functions that should guarantee high profitability due to the scarcity of similar spaces in the area. The redevelopment project is divided into four different areas:
1- The residential building project, which provides for the construction of 87-90 Social Housing apartments to be held for rent at a moderate fee (50%) or to be sold under special agreements (50%); the structures will be built in the eastern part of the area, replacing the industrial sheds to be demolished; the housing typologies envisaged by the project are: one-room apartments (8), two-room apartments (40), three-room apartments (31-34), four-room apartments (8);
2. The Nuova Piazza Gigli, located in the central part of the area, which represents the centre of gravity of the whole complex and the gateway to the entire project and that will include also the Social Housing Integrative Services (Servizi Integrativi all’Abitare sociale – SIA), the Local Urban Services (Servizi Locali Urbani – SLU) and the Commercial Functions connected to the Residence (Funzioni Commerciali connesse alla Residenza – FCR) related to the social housing project;
3. The complete refunctionalisation of the former Slaughterhouse in the western part of the area (existing historical buildings), which shall focus on the food industry, thus taking up the legacy of the structure and enhancing the integration and exchange relationship between the preparation, the supply and the recovery of food surpluses;
4. The public and cycle/pedestrian park which will connect the former Slaughterhouse area with the Giubiano district and with the city centre thanks to a “light mobility” connection which will be built beyond the existing railway line.
The management of the housing complex will be the typical one for social housing interventions, and it will be entrusted by the Municipality to the subject implementing the intervention. With regard to the services of public interest, which will be located in the historical and re-functionalized part of the former Slaughterhouse, the management model will be that of temporary use through a multi-year State leasing licence. The redevelopment will also include the creation of sports, social and cultural-aggregative services.
The area involved in the urban regeneration project is located in the eastern suburban quadrant of Varese (population 80,799), capital of the province of the same name (population 890,090) and eighth city in the Lombardy Region (population 10,008,349) by resident population. Varese, also known as the Garden City due to the numerous parks located in its territory, is part of the Campo dei Fiori Regional Park and of the Strategic Cities Network (Rete delle Città Strategiche – RECS). City of art and culture, Varese is full of villas and castles, many built by the Borromeo family and other aristocratic families who had settled here over the centuries. Its territory is crossed by numerous waterways and overlooks Lake Varese. The building complex of the former City Slaughterhouse is located along Via Tonale, a secondary road parallel to Via Belforte, an important arterial road that crosses the city from west to east, and is connected with the Varese east ring road (SS 342 Briantea), and with the national highway infrastructure.
The railway stations, including the international one for Switzerland (also undergoing redevelopment), are a 5-minute walk from the area, while the historic city centre (Piazza Beccaria) is 1.7 km away from the property (20 minute walk). Private vehicular accessibility is quite easy, with a good supply of public transports. The A-8 motorway (Milan-Varese) is located 10 km from the property, and connects the city with the Lombard capital in 50 minutes. Milan-Malpensa International Airport (2nd airport in Italy for passenger traffic) is located 39 km away from the city.