In October 2018, according to Istat, in seasonally-adjusted terms, exports increased by 5.3%, following the September’s decrease (-2,8%) and imports decreased by 0.1%. Non-durable consumer goods (+ 13.5%) and energy (+ 6.8%) recorded the most marked increase in exports.
On the import side, the decline is intense for capital goods (-4.3%) and for durable consumer goods (-4.1%). However, purchases of intermediate goods (+ 2.2%) are growing. The trade surplus in October 2018 is estimated at around +3 billion, down from +4.3 billion in October 2017.
The export trend towards the United States (+ 22.3%), India (+ 17.5%), Switzerland (+ 16.3%) and Japan (+ 15.0%) is increasing; sales of goods were down to Turkey (-23.7%) and the MERCOSUR countries (-14.8%).